Supporters of Bolivia’s President Evo Morales burn dolls representing Leopoldo Fernandez, governor of the opposition state of Pando, in La Paz, Monday, Sept. 15, 2008. Several opposition provinces are seeking greater autonomy from Morales’ government and insist on the cancellation of a Jan. 25, 2008 referendum on a new constitution that would help him centralize power, run for a second consecutive term and transfer fallow terrain to landless peasants. At least 30 people have been killed in clashes this week, according to authorities (AP Photo/Juan Karita)
SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) – South America’s presidents converged on Chile for an emergency summit Monday aimed at preventing the collapse of Bolivia, whose leftist president has lost control of about half the country and said bloody unrest there amounts to an attempted coup.
Evo Morales said he would explain to his fellow presidents how his political foes in Bolivia’s rich eastern lowlands have mounted a “civic coup,” inciting “crimes against humanity by groups massacring the poorest of my country.”
At least 30 people were killed in political violence last week, prompting Bolivia’s first indigenous president to declare martial law in the rebellious state of Pando – where Morales says thugs used machine guns against his supporters – and seek the arrest of its governor.
Gov. Leopoldo Fernandez denied any responsibility for the deaths, calling it an armed clash between rival groups and accusing Morales of “mounting a farce.”
Morales has lost control over most of eastern Bolivia, where protests have blocked highways and closed border crossings and pipeline sabotage has forced a cutoff of nearly half his nation’s natural gas exports to Brazil.
Many of the blockades were dismantled as a goodwill gesture on Sunday as both sides sought to establish ground rules for negotations, but political unrest continued Monday as more than a thousand Morales supporters marched on the U.S. Embassy in Bolivia’s capital, La Paz.
Morales expelled Washington’s ambassador last week, accusing him of encouraging the protests. Ambassador Philip Goldberg called the allegation “false and unfounded,” but a series of tit-for-tat explusions followed between the United States, Bolivia and Venezuela.
“If he hadn’t expelled him we would be tearing down the U.S. Embassy today,” protest leader Edgar Patana said as activists burned an American flag and effigies of opposition governors.
In Chile, Foreign Minister Alejandro Foxley said Monday that the presidents would try to get a dialogue going after a failed attempt last week by a diplomats from Argentina, Colombia and Brazil. The Organization of American States secretary general, Jose Miguel Insulza, was also attending, as were presidents for all major South American nations save Peru.
Bolivia’s opposition was not present for the meeting, and it wasn’t immediately clear how rhetorical support for Morales in Santiago might help solve the political crisis. Morales’ vice president, Alvaro Garcia, was meeting late into Sunday night with Tarija Gov. Mario Cossio, who was representing the opposition governors, to establish ground rules for talks.
The gravest challenge to Morales’s nearly 3-year tenure as Bolivia’s first indigenous president stems from his struggle with the four lowland provinces where Bolivia’s natural gas riches are concentrated and where his government has all but lost control.
The provinces want more autonomy from Morales’ government and insisting he cancel a planned referendum on a new constitution that would help him centralize power, run for a second consecutive term and transfer fallow terrain to landless peasants. Morales says the new charter is needed to empower Bolivia’s long-suppressed indigenous majority.
Arriving in Chile on Monday, Morales’ close ally President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela said “a conspiracy directed by the U.S. empire” was at work in Bolivia.
Goldberg denied Sunday that his meetings with opposition governors and Washington’s distribution of aid to their states amounted to an attempt to undermine Morales.
“I would like to say that all the accusations made against me, against the Embassy and against my nation are completely false and unjustified,” he told reporters in La Paz.
Associated Press writers Vicente Panetta and Dan Keane in La Paz, Bolivia, and Frank Bajak in Bogota, Colombia, contributed to this report.
By EVA VERGARA
Sept. 15, 2008