Records published under Britain’s Freedom of Information (FOI) Act have compounded concerns that the UK government lobbied US officials to keep Britain’s role in CIA torture and rendition out of a soon-to-be published Senate report.
Newly-released data reveals Britain’s ambassador to the US, Peter Westmacott, engaged in at least 21 separate meetings with members of the US Senate’s Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI) prior to its publication of this report, heightening existing allegations that the British government may be seeking to sanitize the document. Continue reading »
The White House has still not released the Congressional report detailing the CIA’s use of torture as an interrogation technique. While a full report exists and was written by the Senate specifically with the intent of it being made public, the Obama administration is hoping to instead release a redacted version approved by the CIA with key details missing, according to members of the Senate Intelligence Committee. Some who have long opposed the spy agency’s practices feel the report should be made public regardless of an almost certain negative domestic and international backlash, as former Rep. Ron Paul explains to RT’s Ameera David.
- Cartoon of the Day – “We Tortured Some Folks” (Liberty Blitzkrieg, Aug 8, 2014):
Kudos to whoever created this. Pretty much sums it up.
Now for a little nostalgia. Here’s the original inspiration: Continue reading »
- Obama: “We Tortured Some Folks” (ZeroHedge, Aug 1, 2014):
“In the immediate aftermath of 9/11, we did some things that were wrong. We did a whole lot of things that were right, but we tortured some folks. We did things that were contrary to our values.”
- JFK Wished He Could Splinter The CIA ‘Into A Thousand Pieces And Scatter It Into The Winds’ (Crooks And Liars, Jan 8, 2014)
- End Torture, Shut Down the CIA! (Ron Paul Insitute, July 27, 2014):
By Ron Paul
Remember back in April, 2007, when then-CIA director George Tenet appeared on 60 Minutes, angrily telling the program host, “we don’t torture people”? Remember a few months later, in October, President George W. Bush saying, “this government does not torture people”? We knew then it was not true because we had already seen the photos of Iraqis tortured at Abu Ghraib prison four years earlier.
Still the US administration denied that torture was torture, preferring to call it “enhanced interrogation” and claiming that it had disrupted so many terrorist plots. Of course, we later found out that the CIA had not only lied about the torture of large numbers of people after 9/11, but it had vastly exaggerated any valuable information that came from such practices.
However secret rendition of prisoners to other places was ongoing.
The CIA relied on intelligence based on torture in prisons in Uzbekistan, a place where widespread torture practices include raping suspects with broken bottles and boiling them alive, says a former British ambassador to the central Asian country.
Craig Murray, the rector of the University of Dundee in Scotland and until 2004 the UK’s ambassador to Uzbekistan, said the CIA not only relied on confessions gleaned through extreme torture, it sent terror war suspects to Uzbekistan as part of its extraordinary rendition program.
“I’m talking of people being raped with broken bottles,” he said at a lecture late last month that was re-broadcast by the Real News Network. “I’m talking of people having their children tortured in front of them until they sign a confession. I’m talking of people being boiled alive. And the intelligence from these torture sessions was being received by the CIA, and was being passed on.”
“The consultant who was organizing this for Unocal was a certain Mr. Karzai, who is now president of Afghanistan,” Murray noted.
Murray said part of the motive in hyping up the threat of Islamic terrorism in Uzbekistan through forced confessions was to ensure the country remained on-side in the war on terror, so that the pipeline could be built.
“There are designs of this pipeline, and if you look at the deployment of US forces in Afghanistan, as against other NATO country forces in Afghanistan, you’ll see that undoubtedly the US forces are positioned to guard the pipeline route. It’s what it’s about. It’s about money, it’s about oil, it’s not about democracy.”
The Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline is slated to be completed in 2014, with $7.6 billion in funding from the Asian Development Bank.
Murray was dismissed from his position as ambassador in 2004, following his first public allegations that the British government relied on torture in Uzbekistan for intelligence.
- Afghanistan’s ‘torturer in chief’ settles down in pink California home (RT, April 29, 2014):
Recruited to help run Afghanistan’s security and intelligence operations in the aftermath of the US war against the Taliban, the country’s most feared security official dubbed ‘torturer in chief’ now has settled in a pink two-story house in California.
Before his move to the US, Gulalai helped American troops retake Kandahar in 2001 and was tapped to run the intelligence program in the city. Later, he was put in charge of the long-term custody of prisoners at the National Directorate of Security’s headquarters in Kabul.
According to a new report by the Washington Post, Haji Gulalai has “a substantial record of human rights abuses.” On two separate occasions, United Nations officials convinced the NDS to set in motion orders to fire him from the agency, yet those efforts were stymied both times by Afghan President Hamid Karzai.
“He was the torturer in chief,” a senior Western diplomat, who was unnamed, told the Post.
Since waterboarding is not even considered to be torture by none other than Dick ‘Darth’ Cheney, I suggest that Liz Cheney be waterboarded about, hmmh, let’s say 50 times or until she admits that she is the granddaugther of Joseph Stalin.
Then we’ll ask her again if she is proud of torture and if her answer is still a ‘YES’ we will send her to Uzbekistan as terrorist suspect for interrogation …
… so that she will finally know (maybe for the first time in her entire life) what she is talking about.
- Cheney’s daughter says Pelosi should be proud of torture (Intellihub, April 9, 2014):
Dick Cheney’s Daughter said that Nancy Pelosi’s “spine doesn’t reach her head”, if she is not proud of torture.
Speaking to Fox News on Tuesday, Dick Cheney’s daughter made some alarming comments in response to Nancy Pelosi’s public condemnation of the interrogation tactics that were used by the Bush administration.
It is important to mention that the Obama administration which Pelosi works for is guilty of the same torture, but the comments that her criticism provoked from members of Dick Cheney’s family were very revealing.
Senator Angus King Challenges Dick Cheney To Be Waterboarded And Then Say It’s Not Torture!
- Waterboard Cheney! (rsn, April 7, 2014):
Dick Cheney has defended torture techniques so many times that a frustrated U.S. senator has finally offered to waterboard the former vice president.
“The accusations are not true,” Cheney told college television station ATV last week. “Some people called it torture. It wasn’t torture.”
- The White House Has Been Covering Up the Presidency’s Role in Torture for Years (The Intercept, March 13, 2014):
The fight between the CIA and the Senate Intelligence Committee over the Committee’s Torture Report – which Dan Froomkin covered here – has now zeroed in on the White House.
Did the White House order the CIA to withdraw 920 documents from a server made available to Committee staffers, as Senator Dianne Feinstein says the agency claimed in 2010? Were those documents – perhaps thousands of them – pulled in deference to a White House claim of executive privilege, as Senator Mark Udall and then CIA General Counsel Stephen Preston suggested last fall? And is the White House continuing to withhold 9,000 pages of documents without invoking privilege, as McClatchy reported yesterday?
We can be sure about one thing: The Obama White House has covered up the Bush presidency’s role in the torture program for years. Specifically, from 2009 to 2012, the administration went to extraordinary lengths to keep a single short phrase, describing President Bush’s authorization of the torture program, secret.
White House still refusing to hand over key documents about CIA torture to senate investigative panel
- Amid Senate Skirmish, Obama Continues to Shield CIA and Bush-era Torture (Common Dreams, March 13, 2014):
What’s in the more than 9,000 pages of top secrets documents held by the White House that the Senate Intelligence Committee and investigators looking into the Bush administration’s torture program are not allowed to see?
After an unprecedented public skirmish between the Senate Intelligence Committee and the CIA surfaced this week over an investigative panel’s look into the agency’s torture program, President Obama said Wednesday that he and his White House would not “wade into” the controversy.
But according to new reporting by McClatchy, the White House is not only not “uninvolved,” it is actively keeping documents from the Intelligence Committee that it has repeatedly asked to see. As the news agency reports: Continue reading »
Tags: Barack Obama, Bush administration, CIA, Condoleezza Rice, Dick Cheney, Dictatorship, Donald Rumsfeld, Fascism, George Bush, Global News, John Yoo, New World Order, Obama administration, Politics, Torture, U.S., White House
- Obama Crimes Exposed: “Warning: The Pictures That You Are About To See Are Illegal” (A Sheep No More, Dec 13, 2013):
These are the Pictures Your Government does not want you to see. Remember when the progressives/Liberals where all over George Bush for torture pictures that were released from GITMO? Well you haven’t seen anything yet.
Anything George Bush can do, Barack Obama can do better and here are the pictures to prove it. And do you know why Obama can torture just like Bush if not better? Because there is no left vs right or right vs left …only tyranny vs freedom. And, people need to WAKE UP and stop defending some party purposely perpetrated on them and then they become unconsciously indoctrinated into this divide and conquer agenda which is the how a small amount of elitists continue their reign over their larger slave population.
Understand that voting just ensures the continuation of one corrupt party or the other. The puppets in charge (So Called Politicians) are just that-puppets. The Republican party and the Democratic party are to heads of the same beast. They continue with the same actions, the same agendas, only the names are changed. And if people can’t grasp this divide and conquer agenda and continue to defend the one party oligarchy which always results in more infighting, please know that one of the individuals in these photos could be you or one of your loved ones some day in the near future. For those who are not awake and aware of the NDAA or DHS purchases or police state that is slowly creeping upon the US, this won’t make sense …but we are hoping they get the message to unite and stop the division.
The pictures of torture under the Obama adminstration are below. Warning: You maybe offended by some of these pictures, they are very graphic in nature.
- Kiki Camerena Killed on CIA Orders? (Veterans Today, Oct 13, 2013):
El Diario de Coahuila (10-13-13) Proceso (10-12-13) By Luis Chaparro and J. Jesus Esquivel
Translated by un vato for Borderland Beat
(This story will likely elicit much discussion, especially given the outrage that Caro Quintero’s release triggered in the U.S. Quien sabe?– un vato)
A story that sounds like it was taken from a complex espionage novel has just exploded on U.S. television. Enrique Kiki Camarena, the DEA law enforcement officer murdered in Mexico in February, 1985, was apparently not the victim of the Mexican capo Rafael Caro Quintero, but rather,, of a dark member of the CIA. This individual was the one charged with silencing the anti-narcotics agent for one serious reason: he had discovered that Washington was associated with the drug trafficker and was using the profits from the drug trafficking to finance the activities of the counterrevolution.
WASHINGTON (Proceso)(apro).– Three former U.S. federal agents decided to end a 28-year silence and simultaneously entrusted this journal and the U.S. Fox news services with an information “bomb”: Enrique Kiki Camarena was not murdered by Rafael Caro Quintero — the capo that served a sentence for that crime — but by an agent of the CIA. The reason: the DEA agent discovered that his own government was collaborating with the Mexican narco in his illegal business.
In interviews with Proceso, Phil Jordan, former director of the El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC); Hector Berrellez, former DEA agent, and Tosh Plumlee, a former CIA pilot, claim that they have evidence that the U.S. government itself ordered the murder of Kiki Camarena in 1985. In addition, they point to a sinister Cuban character, Felix Ismael Rodriguez, as the murderer. KIKI
“It was I who directed the investigation into the death of Camarena”, says Berrellez, and he adds: “During this investigation, we discovered that some members of a U.S. intelligence agency, who had infiltrated the DFS (the Mexican Federal Security Directorate), also participated in the kidnapping of Camarena. Two witnesses identified Felix Ismael Rodriguez. They (witnesses) were with the DFS and they told us that, in addition, he (Rodriguez) had identified himself s “U.S. intelligence.”
The official story and the version that the DEA continues to assert is that Caro Quintero kidnapped, tortured and murdered Kiki Camarena in February of 1985, in retaliation for the U.S. agent having discovered his enormous marijuana farms and his processing center in the El Bufalo ranch.
From the article:
“Our intelligence agencies were working under the cover of DFS. And as I said it before, unfortunately, DFS agents at that time were also in charge of protecting the drug lords and their monies,” said Berrellez.
“After the murder of Camarena, (Mexico’s) investigation pointed that the DFS had been complicit along with American intelligence in the kidnap and torture of Kiki. That’s when they decided to disband the DFS.”
Complicit is a strong term that Berrellez doesn’t shy away from. However, when he raised the issue internally, his supervisors told him to drop it. Eventually he was transferred to Washington D.C., and was ordered to stop pursuing any angle that suggested U.S. assets knew of Camarena’s capture.
“I know and from what I have been told by a former head of the Mexican federal police, Comandante (Guillermo Gonzales) Calderoni, the CIA was involved in the movement of drugs from South America to Mexico and to the U.S.,” says Phil Jordan, former director of DEA’s powerful El Paso Intelligence Center.
“In (Camarena’s) interrogation room, I was told by Mexican authorities, that CIA operatives were in there. Actually conducting the interrogation. Actually taping Kiki.”
Eventually, the prosecution did obtain tapes of Camarena’s torture and murder.
“The CIA was the source. They gave them to us,” said Berrellez. “Obviously, they were there. Or at least some of their contract workers were there.”
And those BASTARDS knew exactly that neural therapy works (miracles if used properly):
“At that point he administered lidocaine into his heart to keep him alert and awake during the torture,” said Berrellez.
Neural therapy can obviously also being used for evil purposes.
More on neural therapy down below.
- US intelligence assets in Mexico reportedly tied to murdered DEA agent (FOX News, 0ct 10, 2013):
Few remember Enrique ‘Kiki’ Camarena, the DEA agent killed in the line of duty almost 30 years ago, when the War on Drugs was the talk of Washington.
“On February 7, 1985, Special Agent Camarena was kidnapped by the traffickers,” then First Lady Nancy Reagan somberly told a room full of anti-drug advocates. “He was tortured and beaten to death.”
Camarena’s killer was sentenced to 40 years in jail. Now, he’s free after serving only 28 years. And those who knew the agent and became close to his family are fighting to see that his story is not forgotten.
- Neocons Roast Dick Cheney in NYC – Joke About Waterboarding and War Crimes (Liberty Blitzkrieg, Oct 10, 2013):
On Monday night, the disgraced neocon establishment gathered at the Plaza Hotel in New York City to celebrate the depravity of Dick Cheney by having a gigantic laugh about all of the pain and suffering they inflicted on the rest of the world while they held the reigns of power. The event was hosted by Commentary magazine, which is edited by John Podhoretz. Celebrated guests included none other than Donald Rumsfeld himself, who Richard Nixon once described as “a ruthless little bastard, you can be sure of that.” But hey, what’s a couple of jokes centered around crimes against humanity amongst sociopathic friends?
Former Sen. Joe Lieberman “said something to the effect that it’s nice that we’re all here at the Plaza instead of in cages after some war crimes trial,” recalled one person who was there.
Two attendees said the edgy jokes were in appropriate spirit of a roast; the third found them in poor taste, even in that setting.
“There were some waterboarding jokes that were really tasteless,” the guest said. “I can see the case for enhanced interrogation techniques after Sept. 11 but I can’t really endorse sitting there drinking wine and fancy dinner at the Plaza laughing uproariously about it.”
- Abu Ghraib Torture Victims Ordered To Pay U.S. Contractor’s Legal Fees (Huffington Post, Sep 6, 2013):
WASHINGTON — A federal judge on Wednesday ordered four Iraqis who were imprisoned at the infamous Abu Ghraib prison to pay nearly $14,000 in legal fees to defense contractor CACI, an Arlington, Va.-based company that supplied interrogators to the U.S. government during the Iraq War.
The decision in favor of CACI stemmed from a lawsuit filed by the former prisoners in 2008, alleging that CACI employees directed the torture of prisoners at Abu Ghraib. The suit was dismissed in June, when U.S. District Judge Gerald Bruce Lee ruled that because the alleged acts took place on foreign soil, CACI was “immune from suit” in U.S. court.
Lee did not, however, directly address the question of whether CACI employees took part in the mistreatment of prisoners. The treatment of detainees at Abu Ghraib exploded into an international scandal in 2004, when shocking photos emerged of prisoners being stacked on top of each other, threatened with dogs, and sexually abused.
A little over a month after winning the dismissal this summer, CACI requested that the former prisoners be ordered to pay $15,580 to cover the company’s legal expenses.
I can assure you that this is NOT the only nation that does and has done these things.
Fared Odeh, 14, possesses a world of courage and conviction that he must fight the illegal occupation that stole his homeland, his life, his family’s life, and the lives of millions of Palestinians. Tragically he was shot and killed by these cowardly soldiers who despite their tank feared a stone.
Full article (and videos) here:
- Israel: Only Nation that Systematically Arrests, Abuses, Tortures, Rapes, and Kills Children (Veterans Today, June 24, 2013):
(Please do take the time to read this article and view the important Videos and photos included, With our own umanity and future at stake, Ignorance is no longer an option. Thank you)
“And then I watched the soldiers open fire. And it was I mean, I’ve seen kids shot in Sarajevo. I mean, snipers would shoot kids in Sarajevo. I’ve seen death squads kill families in Algeria or El Salvador. But I’d never seen soldiers (Israeli) bait or taunt (Palestinian) kids like this and then shoot them for sport.”
– Chris Hedges, Pulitzer Prize Journalist, in; “A Gaza Diary: Scenes from a Palestinian Uprising,” Harper’s magazine (October 2001).
Tags: Afghanistan, Al-Qaeda, Al-Qaida, Children, CIA, Craig Murray, Crime, Gas, George Bush, Global News, Government, Hamid Karzai, Human Rights, Interrogation, Military, NATO, Oil, Osama Bin Laden, Politics, Rendition, Terrorism, Terrorists, Torture, U.K., U.S., Uzbekistan, War, War Crimes, War on Terror
- Notes from the Underground: John Kiriakou’s Letter from Prison (Liberty Blitzkrieg, May 31, 2013):
Greetings from the Federal Correctional Institution at Loretto, Pennsylvania. I arrived here on February 28, 2013 to serve a 30-month sentence for violating the Intelligence Identities Protection Act of 1982. At least that’s what the government wants people to believe. In truth this is my punishment for blowing the whistle on the CIA’s illegal torture program and for telling the public that torture was official U.S. government policy. But that’s a different story. The purpose of this letter is to tell you about prison life.
The prison population is much like you might expect. Loretto has 1,369 prisoners (I never call myself an “inmate.” I’m a prisoner). About 50% are black, 30% are Hispanic, and 20% are white. Of the white prisoners, most are pedophiles with personal stories that would make you sick to your stomach. The rest of the white prisoners are here for drugs, except for a dozen or so who ran ponzi schemes.
What follows is a rather brief, but incredibly interesting letter from John Kiriakou, the only person to be jailed in a torture related case in the U.S. Of course, he wasn’t involved in torture, he blew the whistle on it. For that offense he has been caged, while those actually involved in allowing torture roam free. I first highlighted John’s plight last year before he was jailed in my piece: Have You Heard of John Kiriakou? I suggest reading that post before getting into the letter below. Enjoy.
- Welcome to Guantanamo: Obama’s Hunger Striking, Force Feeding Torture Camp (Liberty Blitzkrieg, May 1, 2013):
What’s happening in Guantanamo Bay right now is bad, very bad. For those of you who aren’t paying attention, 100 of the 166 prisoners at Gitmo are engaged in a hunger strike and some of them are in such dire straights they are being brutally force fed. No big deal you say? Well the American Medical Association (AMA) disagrees and they are concerned that such treatment is contrary to medical ethics. In fact, the AMA’s president sent a letter to Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel asking him “to address any situation in which a physician may be asked to violate the ethical standards of his or her profession.”
And yes, this is on Obama. While he blames Congress (as usual) for not closing the facility, in reality all he ever wanted to do was just move it to the United States. The man is a pathological liar.
- CIA torture whistleblower sentenced to prison by US judge (PressTV, Jan 26, 2013):
A CIA whistleblower who was among the first to expose details of the spy agency’s use of waterboarding and other torture methods against Muslim suspects accused of terrorism was sentenced to 2 ½ years in prison by a US judge.
The 48-year-old former CIA agent John Kiriakou, who worked for the spy agency between 1990 and 2004 and was involved in the capture of a ‘terror suspect,’ received the jail term on Friday by US District Judge Leonie Brinkema, who proclaimed that the sentence she issued was “way too light.”
The judge harshly rejected the notion that Kiriakou was a whistleblower concerned about the illegal use of harsh torture tactics by American spies and intelligence officers and said, “This is a case of a man who betrayed a solemn trust.”
In a 2007 televised interview with the US-based ABC News, Kiriakou offered a dramatic description of the use of waterboarding in torturing a suspect that he had helped capture, Zayn al-Abidin Muhammed Hussein, also identified as Abu Zubaida.
- Ex-CIA officer: Torture great way to get false confessions (RT, Jan 26, 2013):
Torture brings forth unreliable information and false confessions, apart from the fact that it is a serious violation of all manner of international agreements, former CIA officer Ray McGovern told RT.
“You can’t get reliable information from torture. But torture works beautifully if you want unreliable information” says McGovern.
His comments come amid the trial of John Kiriakou, a CIA veteran sentenced to two years in prison, after leaking sensitive information about Washington’s torture program.
Kiriakou, the man who oversaw the capture of Al-Qaeda’s third-in-command, blew the lid on America’s torture program, revealing the name of an alleged torturer at Guantanamo Bay.
Kiriakou came out against Washington’s torture program supporting the notion that torture is illegal, says McGovern adding that the accusations against Kiriakou are political andhe is being punished out due to rank-hypocrisy.
RT: John Kiriakou says he is not punished for what he did but for what he is. What are your thoughts on this? Continue reading »
- 11 Secret Documents Americans Deserve to See (AllGov, Dec 10, 2012):
Many documents produced by the U.S. government are confidential and not released to the public for legitimate reasons of national security. Others, however, are kept secret for more questionable reasons. The fact that presidents and other government officials have the power to deem materials classified provides them with an opportunity to use national security as an excuse to suppress documents and reports that would reveal embarrassing or illegal activities.
I’ve been collecting the stories of unreleased documents for several years. Now I have chosen 11 examples that were created—and buried—by both Democratic and Republican administrations and which cover assassinations, spying, torture, 50-year-old historical events, presidential directives with classified titles and…trade negotiations.
1. Obama Memo Allowing the Assassination of U.S. Citizens
When the administration of George W. Bush was confronted with cases of Americans fighting against their own country, it responded in a variety of ways. John Walker Lindh, captured while fighting with the Taliban in December 2001, was indicted by a federal grand jury and sentenced to 20 years in prison. José Padilla was arrested in Chicago in May 2002 and held as an “enemy combatant” until 2006 when he was transferred to civilian authority and, in August 2007, sentenced to 17 years in prison for conspiring to support terrorism. Adam Gadahn, who has made propaganda videos for al-Qaeda, was indicted for treason in 2006 and remains at large.
After he took over the presidency, Barack Obama did away with such traditional legal niceties and decided to just kill some Americans who would previously have been accused of treason or terrorism. His victims have included three American citizens killed in Yemen in 2011 by missiles fired from drones: U.S.-born anti-American cleric Anwar al-Awlaki, Samir Khan, an al-Qaeda propagandist from North Carolina, and Awlaki’s 16-year-old son, Abdulrahman al-Awlaki.
Tags: 9/11, Al-Qaeda, Al-Qaida, Barack Obama, Bush administration, CIA, Dick Cheney, Dictatorship, Fascism, FBI, George Bush, Global News, Government, GPS, New World Order, Obama administration, Politics, Terrorism, Torture
Landmark European court of human rights judgment says CIA tortured wrongly detained German citizen
The European court of human rights has ruled German citizen Khaled el-Masri was tortured by CIA agents, the first time the court has described treatment meted out by the CIA as torture. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/AP
- CIA ‘tortured and sodomised’ terror suspect, human rights court rules (Guardian, Dec 13, 2012):
CIA agents tortured a German citizen, sodomising, shackling, and beating him, as Macedonian state police looked on, the European court of human rights said in a historic judgment released on Thursday.
In a unanimous ruling, it also found Macedonia guilty of torturing, abusing, and secretly imprisoning Khaled el-Masri, a German of Lebanese origin allegedly linked to terrorist organisations.
Masri was seized in Macedonia in December 2003 and handed over to a CIA “rendition team” at Skopje airport and secretly flown to Afghanistan.
It is the first time the court has described CIA treatment meted out to terror suspects as torture.
“The grand chamber of the European court of human rights unanimously found that Mr el-Masri was subjected to forced disappearance, unlawful detention, extraordinary rendition outside any judicial process, and inhuman and degrading treatment,” said James Goldston, executive director of the Open Society Justice Initiative.
- Mexican police brutality uncovered by human rights investigators (Guardian, Dec 6, 2012):
A preliminary investigation by Mexico City’s human rights commission has found evidence of police brutality and arbitrary detentions during the violent protests during last Saturday’s inauguration of President Enrique Peña Nieto.
The ongoing investigation has identified at least four cases of possible torture, three of them involving electric shocks, as well as 22 cases of unjustified arrests among the 70 people still in jail in relation to the protests. Many of these face a preliminary charge of “attacks against the public peace”, which carries a long prison term.