72 years ago, on March 10 1945 when the US Air Force bombarded #Tokyo (Operation “The Prayer House”) about 300,000 people were burned alive

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Ten Archaeological Enigmas from Across the Globe

Ten Archaeological Enigmas from Across the Globe:

One of the best things about archaeology is uncovering places, artifacts, and human remains that answer long-held mysteries about our past and our origins. But frequently discoveries are made that do not solve ancient puzzles, but simply raise more questions to be answered. Here we feature ten such discoveries – from indecipherable manuscripts to Frankenstein mummies, and incredible artifacts from unknown civilizations. Some of these mysteries will one day be solved as science and research techniques progress, others will keep their secrets hidden forever.

The Unknown Origins of the Longyou Caves

Located near the village of Shiyan Beicun in Zhejiang province, China, lies the Longyou caves – an extensive, magnificent and rare ancient underground world considered in China as ‘the ninth wonder of the ancient world’.  The Longyou grottoes, which are thought to date back at least 2,000 years, represent one of the largest underground excavations of ancient times and are an enduring mystery that have perplexed experts from every discipline that has examined them.  Scientists from around the world in the fields of archaeology, architecture, engineering, and geology have absolutely no idea how they were built, by whom, and why. First discovered in 1992 by a local villager, 36 grottoes have now been discovered covering a massive 30,000 square metres. Carved into solid siltstone, each grotto descends around 30 metres underground and contains stone rooms, bridges, gutters and pools. There are pillars evenly distributed throughout the caves which are supporting the ceiling, and the walls, ceiling and stone columns are uniformly decorated with chisel marks in a series of parallel lines. To date, scientists have not been able to establish who built them, how they were constructed, and why.

H/t reader kevin a.

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Shifting Power: Visualizing The World’s Largest Cities For The Last 6000 Years

Shifting Power: Visualizing The World’s Largest Cities For The Last 6000 Years:

In 300 B.C., Carthage was one of the world’s largest cities with up to 700,000 people living within its walls. The Carthaginian republic was a force to be reckoned with, controlling inconceivable amounts of wealth and land all around the Mediterranean.

However, just over a century later in 146 B.C., Carthage was burnt to the ground by the Romans. The destruction of Carthage was so thorough that many things are still not known about their civilization today. Carthage went from being a major power to literally being wiped off of the map.

A few decades after the annihilation of Carthage, it was Rome’s turn to become the world’s largest city for close to 500 years. Of course, Rome itself would fall by 476 A.D. for a variety of reasons.

And so the title of the world’s largest city would transfer again, this time to Constantinople across the Mediterranean.

The World’s Largest Cities Throughout History

In the grand scheme of history, things change quite fast. As Visual Capitalist’s Jeff Desjardins explains, one cataclysmic choice or event can turn even the greatest empire into a heap of rubble. Sometimes the decline of a world-class city is more gradual – and it is over time that it loses its title to another place in a far and distant land.

The following animated map from KPMG Demographics tracks the world’s largest cities from 4,000 BC to today, and it shows how temporary a city’s rise to prominence can be.

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Irish: The forgotten white slaves

H/t reader I.G.


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Irish: The forgotten white slaves:

They came as slaves: human cargo transported on British ships bound for the Americas. They were shipped by thehundreds of thousands and included men, women, and even the youngest of children.

Whenever they rebelled or even disobeyed an order, they were punished in the harshest ways. Slave owners would hang their human property by their hands and set their hands or feet on fire as one form of punishment. Some were burned alive and had their heads placed on pikes in the marketplace as a warning to other captives.

We don’t really need to go through all of the gory details, do we? We know all too well the atrocities of the African slave trade.

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G. Edward Griffin: The Science And Politics Of Cancer (2005 – Full Presentation)

Description:

In this presentation, G. Edward Griffin, author of World without Cancer; The Story of Vitamin B17 and founder of the Cancer Cure Foundation, addresses the following topics: * Two opposed views of cancer. * Pancreatic enzymes and food factors in the control of cancer. * How the pharmaceutical cartel captured the medical profession. * How (and why) Sloan Kettering falsified research to discredit Laetrile. * Is there a conspiracy to withhold a control for cancer?

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Falsifying History In Behalf Of Agendas

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Dr. Paul Craig Roberts was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury during President Reagan’s first term. He was Associate Editor of the Wall Street Journal. He has held numerous academic appointments, including the William E. Simon Chair, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Georgetown University, and Senior Research Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University.

Falsifying History In Behalf Of Agendas (The Real Agenda News, July 23, 2015):

By Dr. Paul Craig Roberts

In an article on April 13 I used the so-called Civil War and the myths with which court historians have encumbered that war to show how history is falsified in order to serve agendas. I pointed out that it was a war of secession, not a civil war as the South was not fighting the North for control of the government in Washington.

As for the matter of slavery, all of Lincoln’s statements prove that he was neither for the blacks nor against slavery. Yet he has been turned into a civil rights hero, and a war of northern aggression, whose purpose Lincoln stated over and over was “to preserve the union” (the empire), has been converted into a war to free the slaves.

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ISIS Militants ‘Bulldozed’ Ancient & Renowned Nimrud Archaeological Site In Iraq

ISIS militants ‘bulldozed’ ancient archaeological site, Iraqi ministry says (FOX News, March 6, 2015):

The Iraqi government claimed Thursday that ISIS militants had “bulldozed” the renowned Nimrud archaeological site in the north of the country.

The country’s Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities said in a statement posted on its Facebook page that the terror group continues to “defy the will of the world and the feelings of humanity”. The statement did not elaborate on the extent of the damage to the site.

Axel Plathe, the director of UNESCO’s Iraq office, tweeted that the attack was an “appalling attack on Iraq’s heritage”, while Iraqi archaeologist Lamia al-Gailani told the BBC that ISIS was “erasing our history.”

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America Has Been At War 93% of the Time – 222 Out of 239 Years – Since 1776

War-USA

America Has Been At War 93% of the Time – 222 Out of 239 Years – Since 1776 (Washington’s Blog, Feb 20, 2015):

The U.S. Has Only Been At Peace For 21 Years Total Since Its Birth

In 2011, Danios wrote:

 Below, I have reproduced a year-by-year timeline of America’s wars, which reveals something quite interesting: since the United States was founded in 1776, she has been at war during 214 out of her 235 calendar years of existence.  In other words, there were only 21 calendar years in which the U.S. did not wage any wars.

To put this in perspective:

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We’ve Known for 1,700 Years that Torture Produces False Confessions

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We’ve Known for 1,700 Years that Torture Produces False Confessions (Washingtons Blog, Dec 19, 2014):

We’ve Known for Thousands of Years that Torture Doesn’t Work

Mark Costanzo (Claremont McKenna professor of psychology) and Ellen Gerrity (Duke University professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences) note in a study published in the journal Social Issues and Policy Review:

As early as the third century A.D., the great Roman Jurist Ulpian noted that
information obtained through torture was not to be trusted because some people are “so susceptible to pain that they will tell any lie rather than suffer it” (Peters, 1996).  This warning about the unreliability of information extracted through the use of torture has echoed across the centuries.

Lawrence Davidson – history professor at West Chester University in Pennsylvania – points out today:

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Propaganda 101 – How The Pentagon Is Trying To Rewrite Vietnam War History

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Propaganda 101 – How the Pentagon is Trying to Rewrite Vietnam War History (Liberty Blitzkrieg, Oct 16, 2014):

In case you weren’t aware, the Pentagon is set to roll out a 50th anniversary commemoration of the Vietnam War. Personally, it’s hard to get excited about commemorating an event that led to the death of over 58,000 American soldiers and more than a million Vietnamese, particularly since much of it was the direct result of well documented lies and deception, such as the Gulf of Tonkin incident.

What’s worse, the Pentagon intends to rewrite history by whitewashing this period of civil unrest and government shame from American history. The propaganda is so blatant that it has resulted in many of the era’s most well known protestors and activists to come together in order to stop it.

The New York Times reports that:

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